The future is such an uncertainty that we all have to contend with in our own ways, every person has aspirations, ideas, fears and plans for the future. But what happens when everybody has a collective fear of one specific thing that will happen in the future. And that one fear is the running out of natural fuels, which is why when you look over the roof of many houses in major cities and rural settlements you’ll see a mounted solar system collecting energy so less is expended by the house.
A number of people are using alternative sources to power their homes, water, wind and solar are the most popular. They work by taking energy either from the heat energy from the sun, the kinetic energy of water and wind then converting it to DC current, then that DC current needs to be converted to AC current which can then power the appliances you use on a daily basis, the excess energy is converted back to DC and is stored in a battery box. However, the most popular system used out of all alternative energy sources is the aforementioned solar powered system which harnesses solar rays and converts them into electricity.
The process starts at the panels themselves, they can be monocrystalline and polycrystalline which primarily differ in efficiency and cost. A mono panel has a 15-20% efficiency rate and costs much more than a poly which has a 13-16% efficiency rate. And most people are going for the cost effective option when they buy charge controller and battery pack along with the panels to ensure that everything connects and works properly.
When a solar system is installed into a home the charge controller and power inverter go to the utility grid (if there is one). The panel is usually installed on the roof of the house but if it’s not available then its installed on a mount somewhere near the house. If its a monocrystalline panel then it can be used through the day even when there isn’t much sun. While polycrystalline is usually used only through the parts of the day that have the most sun exposure, and then buy charge controller because it will send the charge to a battery box which can then store the electricity.
This sort of system is powerful enough to sustain a multitude of 12 to 24V appliances that don’t waste much energy when they run. However, much improvement is still needed in the efficiency of this system for it to be a viable replacement for the centralized power grid, so here’s hoping to major improvements in the future.