History of Merlot Wine

Merlot is a type of red wine enjoyed by numerous people globally. If you ask me, Merlot is one of the top three wines that everyone should try. Its sophisticated taste, comprised of fruit notes such as black cherry, raspberry and plum, complemented with hints of vanilla, clove, mocha and cedar is the main reason to buy Merlot wine. Today there are more varieties of this wine, you can decide to buy Merlot wine  bottle based on your preferences in terms of bottle age, spices, body, fruit notes, etc.

You have probably heard a lot for this wine, but how much do you really know about the history of this grape? There is no excuse for any wine enthusiast not to know the basic historic development of Merlot. I’m not saying that you should become an expert, in fact there are some basic things you should get to know for one of the best wines in the world. In short here’s a short summary of the history of Merlot:

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Merlot is definitely one of the most popular grapes planted in various wine regions world wide. A country of origin of this grape is France, more specifically the well-known wine region Bordeaux. According to some historians, this wine grape was first mentioned in the late 1784, when it was described as one of the finest grapes of that period. It’s believed that Merlot was named after a French local bird Merle, and the name derived means “blackbird”. The correlation between the grape and the bird is found in the dark colour that both, the wine grape and the bird have.

Other names under which you can found Merlot in different wine producing regions across the world are: Bingey, Crabutet Noir, Vitraille, Petit Merle.

In the early age of production Merlot was used only as a side grape that was added in the wine production process to complement other grapes. As the popularity of this grape expanded, Merlot evolved from “secondary grape” to one of the biggest “rivals” of Berdeaux, the most highly allocated wine at its time. The popularity of Merlot continued to spread from Bordeaux to the Medoc region, up to the Giorne Esturay.

Today, Merlot is most prevalent grape variety on the French vineyards and the fifth most planted wine grape in the world. The largest countries and regions in which Merlot is most common wine grape planted include: Australia, Chilean Central Valley, Sonoma, Napa Valley, Bordeaux and County. Nowadays many wine enthusiasts choose to buy Merlot wine and to enjoy the taste of the red wine, instead of some other type dark wine.